What is the Difference Between Localization and Internationalization

In today’s globalized world, businesses strive to reach a diverse audience, often requiring adaptation of their products or services to different markets. Two key concepts in this process are localization and internationalization. While these terms are sometimes used interchangeably, they encompass distinct aspects of the globalization journey. In this article, we will delve into the differences between localization and internationalization, shedding light on their unique roles in the global business landscape.


Internationalization, often abbreviated as “i18n,” is the initial phase in the global expansion process. This concept involves designing and developing products or services in a way that makes them adaptable to different languages, regions, and cultures. The primary goal of internationalization is to create a foundation that facilitates seamless translation and cultural adaptation. Key components of internationalization include designing software interfaces that support various languages, ensuring proper encoding for different character sets, and establishing a framework that allows for easy addition of new languages in the future.


Localization, on the other hand, is the process of customizing a product or service to meet the specific cultural, linguistic, and regional preferences of a target audience. It goes beyond language translation and encompasses elements such as date formats, currency symbols, images, and even color schemes that resonate with the local culture. Localization ensures that the end product feels native to the target market, enhancing user experience and engagement. This process involves not only linguistic expertise but also a deep understanding of cultural nuances and user expectations in the target region.

Key Differences:

  1. Scope and Timing:
    • Internationalization focuses on making a product or service globally adaptable from the outset.
    • Localization occurs after internationalization and involves tailoring the product for a specific locale.
  2. Objectives:
    • Internationalization aims to create a flexible and scalable framework that supports multiple languages and regions.
    • Localization aims to create a culturally resonant and user-friendly experience for a specific target market.
  3. Components:
    • Internationalization involves technical considerations such as encoding, text direction, and language support.
    • Localization involves cultural considerations such as date formats, currency symbols, and region-specific content.
  4. Process:
    • Internationalization is an ongoing process applied during product development.
    • Localization is a specific project that occurs once the product is ready for deployment in a new market.